Sushi NamesThe following chart is a list of Japanese sushi names and the US Market name which should be associated with it according the Fish & Fishery Products Hazards & Controls Guidance manual which is put out by the FDA (fourth edition 2011). It is not intended to be a complete list of all species which are consumed raw, and I have updated it with some additional listings/info.

You will notice that some fish have multiple sushi names. I’m no sushi expert, but at least part of the reason for this is because different regions of Japan use different words for the same fish. Different sushi names may also refer to various grades of fish, or to different ages of fish. Yellowtail for instance has 4 different names depending upon age. And to complicate things even more, 3 of those 4 names are different depending on if the establishment is using the vernacular of Tokyo or Osaka.

JAPANESE SUSHI NAMES
Japanese Vernacular Name … U.S. Market Name …
 Ainame  Greenling
 Aji  Mackerel, Jack
 Aka-Gai  Clam, Arkshell
 Akamanbo  Opah
 Akauo  Monkfish
 Akodai
 Akou-Dai  Rockfish, Red
 Amadai  Tilefish
 Amaebi  Prawn, Sweet
 Anago, Hamo  Conger Eel
 Ankou  Monkfish
 Aoyagi  Clam, Surf
 Asari  Clam, Short Necked
 Awabi  Abalone
 Ayu  Smelt
 Baigai  Whelk
 Bora  Mullet, Gray
 Buri  Yellowtail, over 4 years old (3 ft)
 Dojyou  Loach
 Ebi  Shrimp, Freshwater
 Shrimp, Pink
 Ebodai  Butterfish
 Eso  Lizardfish
 Ezobora  Whelk
 Fuefukidai  Emperor
 Fugu  Puffer
 Globefish
 Funa  Carp
 Garigani  Crayfish
 Gin-Sake  Salmon, Coho
 Hakkaku  Sculpin
 Hamachi (Osaka region)  Yellowtail, 1 year old (1 ft)
 Hamaguri  Clam
 Hanasaki Kani  Crab, Hanasaki
 Hata  Grouper
 Haya  Dace
 Haze  Goby
 Higedara  Lingcod
 Hiraaji  Jack
 Hirame  Fluke, Flounder
 Hiuchidai  Orange Roughy
 Hoshi-Garei  Flounder
 Hotaruika  Squid
 Hotate-Gai  Scallop, Giant
 Houbou  Sea Robin
 Hoya  Sea Squirt
 Ibodai  Butterfish
 Iidako  Octopus
 Ika  Squid
 Ikanago  Sand Eel
 Ikura  Salmon, Roe
 Inada (Tokyo region)  Yellowtail, 1 year old (1 ft)
 Isaki  Grunt -Or- Sweetlips
 Iseebi  Lobster
 Ishidai, Ishigakidai  Knifejaw
 Ishimochi Guchi  Croaker
 Itoyoridai  Threadfin Bream
 Iwana  Char
 Iwashi  Sardine
 Jnada  Yellowtail
 Kaj I Ka  Sculpin
 Kamasu  Barracuda
 Kamasusawara  Wahoo
 Kani  Crab, Brown
 Crab, Deep Sea
 Crab, Kegani
 Crab, King
 Crab, Snow
 Karei  Flounder
 Kasago  Rockfish
 Katsuo  Bonito
 Small Tuna
 Kawahagi  Triggerfish
 Kawahgi  Filefish
 Kegani (Kani)  Crab, Kegani
 Kijihata  Grouper
 Kink  Thorneyhead
 Kinme  Alfonsino
 Kinmedai  Alfonsino
 Kintokidai  Bigeye
 Kisu  Japanese Whiting
 Kobudai, Budai  Parrotfish
 Kochi  Flatfish
 Kohada  Gizzard Shad
 Shad
 Koi  Carp
 Koika  Cuttlefish
 Konoshiro  Gizzard Shad
 Koshodai  Grunt -Or- Sweetlips
 Kurage  Jellyfish
 Kurodai  Porgy
 Kuruma-Ebi  Shrimp, Tiger Prawn
 Kyabia  Caviar
 Kyurino  Smelt
 Ma-Dako Tako  Octopus
 Ma-Ika  Cuttlefish
 Madai  Sea Bream
 Maguro  Tuna
 Maiwashi  Sardine
 Makogarei  Flounder
 Managa Tsuo, Echiopia  Pomfret
 Manboh  Sunfish, Ocean
 Mandai  Opah
 Mebaru  Rockfish
 Medal  Bluenose
 Mejiro (Osaka region)  Yellowtail, 3 years old (2 ft)
 Mekajiki  Swordfish
 Miru-Gai  Clam, Geoduck
 Mizudako  Octopus
 Mizuik  Squid
 Mongoika  Cuttlefish
 Mongorakawahagi  Triggerfish
 Namako  Sea Cucumber
 Nibe  Croaker
 Niji-Masu  Trout, Rainbow
 Nishin  Herring
 O’hyou  Halibut
 Odori  Shrimp, Tiger Prawn
 Okamasu  Barracuda
 Okamsu
 Onagadai  Snapper
 Saba  Mackerel
 Saira  Saury
 Sakana  Fish
 Sake  Salmon, Chum
 Same  Shark
 Samma  Saury
 Sanma  Saury
 Sawagani  River Crab
 Sayori, Savori  Halfbeak
 Sazae  Top Shell
 Sazae  Turbot, Shell
 Shinko  Shad
 Shiira  Mahi-Mahi
 Shimaaji  Jack
 Shishamo  Capelin & Roe
 Shita-Birame  Sole
 Shizu  Butterfish
 Suji-Ko  Salmon, Roe
 Sukesodora  Pollock & Roe
 Sumiika  Cuttlefish
 Surumeika  Squid
 Suzuki  Sea Bass
 Swara  Mackerel, Spanish
 Tachiuo  Cuttlefish
 Tai  Sea Bream, Red Snapper
 Tako  Octopus
 Tara  Cod & Roe/Milt
 Tarumi Feuda  Snapper
 Tenegadako  Octopus
 Tobiuo  Flying Fish
 Torigai  Cockle
 Toro  Tuna
 Tsubasu (Osaka region)  Yellowtail, 6 months old (4″)
 Tsubugai  Whelk
 Umazurahagi  Triggerfish
 Unagi  Eel
 Uni  Sea Urchin Roe
 Wakasagi  Smelt
 Wakashi (Tokyo region)  Yellowtail, 6 months old (4″)
 Warasa (Tokyo region)  Yellowtail, 3 years old (2 ft)
 Yamame  Salmon, Cherry -Or- Masu
 Yariika  Squid
 Y Anagi-Garei  Flounder
 Zuwai-Gani  Crab, Snow