King (Chinook) Salmon
Wild King (Chinook) Salmon
Fresh wild King Salmon is the largest of all the wild Pacific salmons, having the highest omega-3 oil content and most velvety texture. It is a delicious, rich-flavored fish which lends itself to a wide variety of cooking applications.
King Salmon Flavor Profile
King (Chinook) Salmon is a succulent full-flavored high fat content fish which has large, soft-textured flakes, and the flesh can range from almost white to pink to deep red. The color of the flesh has no bearing upon its flavor.
Typical Cooking Methods
Sushi Health Code Notes for Salmon
These are notes from the Washington State Health Code, the health codes in your region may be different.
Wild salmon for sushi should be frozen following these guidelines to kill any potential parasitic larvae:
- frozen and stored at -20° F (-4° C) for a minimum of 7 days (168 hours), or
- frozen at or below -31° F (-35° C) until solid and then stored at that temp for a minimum of 15 hours, or
- frozen at or below -31° F (-35° C) until solid then stored at -20° F (-4° C) for a minimum of 24 hours
Aquacultered salmon for sushi can be served fresh (never frozen) under the following circumstances:
- they are raised in open-water net-pens, or
- are raised in laned-based systems such as ponds or tanks
- and are fed a formulated feed (such as pellets) which contains no live parasites
- (I don't quite understand these distinctions for aquacultured fish as it seems to allow virtually all aquacultured fish! Very minimal standards. Apparently the parasite issue is much more prevalent among wild fish.)
Proper documentation for sushi products
- If freezing the fish in-house, documentation must show the temperatures and time held at each temperature for all product
- If frozen product is purchased from a vendor then supporting documentation from the vendor is required stating temperatures and time held at each temperature for all product
- Fresh aquacultured fish must have supporting documentation from the vendor stating the fish was cultivated according to the standards stated above.
- All documentaion must be kept for 90 days
Chinook Salmon, Blackmouth Salmon, Spring Salmon (a British Columbia name), Smilie, Tyee, Jack Spring (immature Chinook).
Chinook (King) Salmon Description (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)
Chinook Salmon are the largest of the wild Salmon species. Average commercial weight is 11 - 20 lbs but they can reach over 50 lbs. Fish in the sea are dark greenish to blue black on top of head and back, silvery to white on the lower sides and belly; numerous small, dark spots along back and upper sides and on both lobes of caudal; gum line of lower jaw black.
In fresh water, with the approach of the breeding condition, the fish change to olive brown, red or purplish, the color change being more marked in males than in females. Follow the link for a video on how to identify species of salmon.
Image courtesy BCSalmon.ca
King Salmon Availability
Fresh seafood availability chart: green areas show peak availability, light green show limited availability, gray indicates not available fresh. Frozen available all year long.
King Salmon Butchering Yield Percentage and Recovery
|Item||To Skin/On Fillets||To Skin/Off Fillets||Notes|
|Whole Head/On gutted 4/7, 7/11
||68% - 70%||64%|
|Whole Head/On gutted 11/18, 18-Up
|Whole Head/Off gutted U-10
|Whole Head/Off gutted 10-Up, 18-Up
||69% - 73%||64% - 66%|
|Skin/On Fillets||--||85%||If you have additional yield info on this fish please leave a comment below.|
|Yield % varies according to a number of factors including: size of fish, season, sex, and the skill of your fishmonger.|
Range and Habitat
Chinook Salmon are found from the Pacific Arctic southward to southern California in the Eastern Pacific and to southern Japan waters in the Western Pacific. They stay at sea for up to 5 years before returning to their spawning grounds. Other Salmon return to their spawning grounds after 1 to 3 years.
King Salmon are farmed in in the waters off Chile and New Zealand.
Typical Wholesale Products
Whole Head/On, gutted, 12/18 lb; Whole Head/On, gutted, 18 up; Head/Off, gutted; Skn/On Filets; Skn/Off Filets; Steaks.
King Salmon Sustainability Info
|Name||Alternate Names||Catch Method||Catch|
|Chinook||King Salmon, Blackmouth Salmon, Spring Salmon
||Wild - Drift Gillnet, Purse Seine, Troll
||US - Alsaka||Low|
|US - CA, OR, WA|
|Roe||Ikura||Wild - Drift Gillnet, Purse Seine, Troll||US - Alsaka||n/a||Low|
|Disclaimer: The sustainability info above is accurate to the best of our knowledge. However, each program randomly updates their information without our knowledge. We therefore recommend that you verify the current accuracy of this information.|
= Best Choice/Recommended = Good Alternative = Avoid/Not Recommended
King Salmon Nutritional Information
based upon a 6 oz (171 grams) raw edible serving
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David Buchanan is a professional chef and author of Chefs-Resources.com, a site geared towards providing chefs and culinarians useful info to help in their kitchens.
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